Findings of significant presence of paranoid and avoidant The study has confirmed two hypotheses—the first that there PDs in the GID group of our study are not supported by are significant differences in presence of PDs in persons with findings in previous studies as shown in Table 4. On the other hand, shared symptoms and same age of emergence may result in greater number of diagnosis of personality disorders particularly cluster B in GID patients, or perhaps the patients are inclined to be affected by both disorders due to simultaneous common etiologies like a possible genetic connection. A comparison with previous studies regarding psychiatric comorbidity on Axis II PDs among patients with GID as shown in Table 4 indicates some differences in this study sample. Murray compared transsexual males, BPD males and homosexual males with controls. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 3. Moreover, it is not clear why personality disorders are common among these patients; it might be thateach of these two disorders makes the patient vulnerable to the other. Data Analysis In order to analyse obtained data we used the following statistical methods:
More than one PD e.
The frequency of personality disorders in patients with gender identity disorder
The study sample consisted of 30 persons with GID and 30 cisgendered heterosexuals from the general population. It is important to note that some studies which found high prevalence of clusters A and B or B and C diagnosis used clinical interview as a personality assessment tool [ 111422 ]. Further analysis of obtained data has shown a significant presence of comorbid PDs in persons with GID, and the presence of comorbidity of PDs differentiates the two groups with statistical significance. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences. Researches of this kind are small in number; therefore, this study was designed to assess the frequency of personality disorders in Iranian GID patients. Eine kommentierte literaturqbersicht — GID affects social, occupational and other essential functions 3.
National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Self-image and personality traits in gender identity disorders: Borderline manifestations in the Rorschachs of male transsexuals. Certain researchers in the s stressed the importance of psychological testing, addressing possible conceptualizations of GID e. The difference between the results of the mentioned studies may originate from different settings, instruments, number of patients and methods of sampling. Besides, the hard circumstances, in which most GID patients live may predispose them to other psychiatric disorders. The study of Miach et al.