Not only is marriage associated with positive health outcomes for all individuals, regardless of sexual orientation; in addition, same-sex marriage has not been demonstrated to adversely affect the institution of heterosexual marriage. The sexual orientation question was embedded in a brief sociodemographics questionnaire. How will gay marriage ruling impact the health insurance industry? Accessed February 9, All authors edited drafts of the article.
State Medicaid Director Letter In the full sample, analyses examining whether the time 1 mean is different from the time 2 mean were calculated using paired sample t tests. Flores, A. For medical care, the total number of visits for general medical care, hypertension, and sexually transmitted infections decreased.
When analyses included only patients with data at both time points, the results were similar; only medical care expenditures were no longer significantly lower in the 12 months after the law was passed.