Homosexuality is illegal in almost all Muslim countries. The debate divides those who believe that terms such as "gay" and "straight" refer to objective, culturally invariant properties of persons from those who believe that the experiences they name are artifacts of unique cultural and social processes. Enter your email for updates: Laws restricting freedom of expression and association. Studies of African Homosexualities. For example, some use same-sex behavior and not same-sex attraction as the operational definition of homosexuality e. Gunther, Scott Eric
Currently, there is no scientific consensus about the specific factors that cause an individual to become heterosexual, homosexual, or bisexual—including possible biological, psychological, or social effects of the parents' sexual orientation.
Zucker have found that a majority of gay men and lesbians report being gender-nonconforming during their childhood years. Along with bisexuality and heterosexualityhomosexuality is one of the three main categories of sexual orientation within the heterosexual—homosexual continuum. The Spanish conquerors were horrified to discover sodomy openly practiced among native peoples, and attempted to crush it out by subjecting the berdaches as the Spanish called them under their rule to severe penalties, including public executionburning and being torn to pieces by dogs. National Gay and Lesbian Taskforce; Nov.